American Journal of Applied Sciences

Adhesion and Hardness Evaluation of Modified Silicone-Dammar as Natural Coating Materials

R. Zakaria and A. H. Ahmad

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2012.890.893

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 6

Pages 890-893


Problem statement: Dammar is a natural resin that used anciently in varnish production. The use of dammar natural resin in coating is limited by undesirable properties for application in coating where it is considered very brittle. Due to dammar's brittle nature, an aged dammar coating can be easily scratched or abraded. Approach: Dammar natural resin could be modified into Silicone-Dammar by using a solvent in order to improve the coating’s mechanical properties. The modified Silicone-Dammar (SD) was coated on aluminum q-panel and adhesion was evaluated using cross hatch test, impact test and pull off test, while the hardness of coating was investigated by nano-indentation test. Results: Results from cross hatch test, impact test and pull off test show that coating material with 15% wt. of dammar (SD15) was the optimum composition which exhibits good adhesion of modified Silicone-Dammar to the metal substrate. SD15 also could be considered as a soft and flexible polymer coating with hardness value of 1.624 GPa after undergoing the nano-indentation test. Conclusion: A modified Silicone-Dammar coating system with varied compositions of dammar has been prepared and adhesion and hardness have been evaluated. It is found that 15% wt. of dammar in the coating material (SD15) exhibits good adhesion to aluminum substrate and soft and flexible in nature.


© 2012 R. Zakaria and A. H. Ahmad. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.