American Journal of Applied Sciences

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Timing Synchronization in Multi-Band Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Ultra-Wideband Systems

Aymen M. Karim, Md. Shabiul Islam and Masuri Othman

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2010.420.427

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 7, Issue 3

Pages 420-427


Problem statement: MB-OFDM UWB systems have attractive features and received a great attention. It has the capability of sending/receiving data at rates in access of 100 Mbits sec-1. Owing to the sensitivity of OFDM systems to synchronization errors, a fast synchronization algorithm is required to discern for the start of OFDM symbol. Existing approaches to OFDM time synchronization rely on their proposed preamble. Approach: In this study, a comprehensive algorithm for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) timing synchronization suitable for Multi-Band OFDM Ultra-Wideband (MB-OFDM UWB) systems was proposed. Firstly, we proposed a technique for packet detection in the multi-band scenario. Secondly, a new timing metric for timing synchronization is proposed. Then, we propose a technique for frame synchronization. Finally, time frequency code identification and low-complexity timing refinement technique was proposed. Results: The performance of the timing synchronization (coarse synchronization and timing refinement) is evaluated in terms of Mean Squared Error (MSE) in MB-OFDM UWB Channel Models (CM1, CM2, CM3 and CM4). It was found that the proposed method performs better than existing approaches. Conclusion: A suitable timing synchronization steps for MB-OFDM UWB systems was proposed. The proposed method can be applied on any preamble signal.


© 2010 Aymen M. Karim, Md. Shabiul Islam and Masuri Othman. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.