American Journal of Applied Sciences

The Effect of Reaction Temperature on Retaining Oxirane Oxygen Contents in the Synthesis of Epoxidized Diethanolamides

C. S. Lee, T. L. Ooi and C. H. Chuah

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2009.72.77

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 1

Pages 72-77


Epoxidized diethanolamides were synthesized by reacting diethanolamine (DEA) with mixture of Epoxidized Palm Olein (EPOo ,40% w/w) and Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Kernel Olein (RBDPKOo , 60% w/w) at 1:3 molar at 80°C for 5 h and continued at 110°C for another 4 h of reaction time. Synthesized diethanolamides with high content of epoxides were reacted with isocyanate in the presence of AlCl3-THF complex catalyst to produce oxazolidone linkages in polyurethane network. The rigid polyurethane foam produced is of better quality as compared to the commercially available foam.


© 2009 C. S. Lee, T. L. Ooi and C. H. Chuah. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.