Diagnostic Endoscopy in Children of Two Months to 15 Years of Age
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Copyright: © 2020 Seddiqe Amini-Ranjbar and Mohammad-Hossein Torabinejad. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: Considering high prevalence of gastrointestinal complaints in children and the important role of endoscopy in the diagnosis of such complaints, this study was designed to characterize the clinical, endoscopic and pathologic features of Iranian children undergoing upper Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. Approach: This prospective study was performed in an office-based setting in a private medical centre in Kerman, Iran, between December 2004 to January 2008. Three hundred forty pediatric patients who underwent upper endoscopy for dyspeptic symptoms or other reasons were enrolled into this study and data were gathered concerning age, sex, reason of endoscopy, endoscopy report and pathologic report. Upper GI endoscopy was performed using Pentax video endoscope. Results: The most prevalent reason of performing endoscopy (43.1%) was abdominal pain. More than half of the cases with abdominal pain (54%) were in the age range of 5-10 year old of whom 80% had an abnormal pathologic finding such as esophgitis and active chronic gastritis associated with helicobacter pylori. The most common endoscopic finding (31.2%) and pathologic finding (40.3%) was esophagitis. More than half of the children with esophagitis (56.6%) had some degrees of hiatal hernia. In 35.5% of children with nodular gastritis, simultaneous esophagitis was observed. The rate of normal endoscopies and pathologies were respectively 10.8 and 19.4%. Conclusion: Considering low rate of normal endoscopic and pathologic reports in the studied subjects and also the variety of gastrointestinal complaints in them, it seems that proper selection of patients for undergoing upper GI endoscopy can have a significant directive role in the diagnosis of pediatric problems.
- Upper GI endoscopy
- abdominal pain