American Journal of Applied Sciences

Waste Characterization in Steel Casting and Recycling Opportunities in Europe

Silvia Fiore, Maria Chiara Zanetti and Barbara Ruffino

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2008.512.518

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 5, Issue 5

Pages 512-518


The wastes coming from a steel foundry located in Italy, producing about 600,000 t/y of steel slabs, are considered in this work. The plant produces about 143,000 t/y of wastes, made of furnace and ladle slags (84%), pelletized dust (8%) and oxidised shaving (8%). The waste materials have been characterised by means of particle-size and chemical analyses, and some reuse/recycle possibilities are considered. The recycle as inert material of the slags was evaluated by means of several leaching tests according to the Italian (UNI10802 test, equivalent to EN 12457/2 test), French (AFNOR X31-210 test), Danish and European Community (EN 12457/4 test) regulations. The requirements of the above mentioned regulations were compared and discussed. The possibility of landfilling the materials as inert or not dangerous wastes according to Italian Law (DM 3/8/2005) and European Community regulation (Decision of European Community Council N°2003/33) was also considered.


© 2008 Silvia Fiore, Maria Chiara Zanetti and Barbara Ruffino. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.