Research Article Open Access

Thermodynamic Profile of Some Heavy Metal Ions Adsorption Onto Biomaterial Surfaces

Medhat A. Shaker1
  • 1 ,
American Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume 4 No. 8, 2007, 605-612

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2007.605.612

Published On: 31 August 2007

How to Cite: Shaker, M. A. (2007). Thermodynamic Profile of Some Heavy Metal Ions Adsorption Onto Biomaterial Surfaces. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 4(8), 605-612. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2007.605.612

Abstract

The adsorption of Co2+, Zn2+, Pb2+ and Hg2+ onto dried non-living biomass (NB) of different Pseudomonas strains has been investigated in detail. Maximum adsorption of these cations is achieved at optimum pH values from 3.5 to 4.5 to avoid hydrolysis, polymerization and precipitation of metal cations in the treatment solutions. The experimental data obtained at different temperatures were fitted to the Langmuir model at different temperatures from 283 to 323 K. Metal ions adsorption occurs in multi detectable steps (i=A, B, C). Binding of Pb(II) to NB occurs in one detectable step labeled A, where two detectable binding steps were observed for the other cations; A and B for Zn(II), A and C for Co(II), B and C for Hg(II), respectively. Site capacities, υi are found to be temperature-independent in the whole investigated temperature range. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔHi, ΔSi and ΔGi) for the adsorption processes were calculated for each binding step i and the results suggest that the nature of adsorption is endothermic and the process is spontaneous and favorable. Thermodynamic data pairs (ΔHi, ΔSi) for metal binding are linearly correlated for all sites in the investigated biosorption systems.

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Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Isotherms
  • Langmuir
  • Thermodynamic parameters