American Journal of Applied Sciences

Oscillatory Dynamical Switching System of Bulk Ferroelectrics

M. N.A. Halif, S. Daud and Junaidah Osman

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2005.1073.1077

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 2, Issue 6

Pages 1073-1077


This study gives a detailed account of calculation of the bulk ferroelectric (FE) oscillatory dynamical system switching to first and second-order phase transition, respectively. All the formalism is delineated in the framework of Landau free-energy expansion and Landau-Khalatnikov (LK) equation of motion where the effect of external energy may affray FE atoms similar to the spring damped oscillatory system. Here we scrutinized the switching properties from free-energy expansion and hysteresis loop. The polarization and current switching appropriate to the estimated complete switching time, changing of temperature, electric field and damping are scrutinized and discussed.


© 2005 M. N.A. Halif, S. Daud and Junaidah Osman. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.