Parallel Iterative Algorithms with Accelerate Convergence for Solving Implicit Difference Equations
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Copyright: © 2021 Qing-Fu Liu, Wei-Jun Zhong and Mancho Manev. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study focuses on the solution of implicit difference equations, which are very difficult to compute in parallel for the diffusion equation. For improving the convergence rates and the properties of gradual-approach convergence of Segment-Classic-Implicit-Iterative (SCII) and Segment-Crank-Nicolson-Iterative (SCNI) algorithms realizing efficient iterative computation in parallel by segmenting grid domains, SCII and SCNI algorithms with accelerated convergence are studied and improved through inserting classic implicit schemes and Crank-Nicolson schemes into them respectively. The SCII and SCNI algorithms with accelerated convergence, which can be decomposed into smaller strictly tri-diagonally dominant subsystems, are solved by using a double - sweep algorithm. In the present study, general structures of SCII and SCNI algorithms with accelerated convergence are constructed with matrix forms. The convergent rates are estimated and properties of gradual-approach convergence about diffusion equation are described by a splitting coefficient matrix in detail. These algorithms improve the convergence rates in iteration while making the properties of gradual-approach convergence reach two ranks. The efficiency of computation is greatly enhanced. In addition, the algorithms are extended to the case of two-dimensional problem by studying Peaceman-Rachford scheme into which classic implicit schemes are inserted alternately. Numerical computations employing SCII and SCNI algorithms with accelerated convergence are made to SGL/Challenge L with 8 CPUs as examples. Theoretical analyses and numerical exemplifications show that the parallel iterative algorithms with accelerated convergence for solving one-dimensional diffusion equations are more efficient in computation and have much better convergent rates and properties of gradualapproach convergence.
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- Diffusion equation
- parallel iterative algorithm
- convergent rate
- property of gradual-approach convergence