American Journal of Applied Sciences

Potential of Rice Husk and Rice Husk Ash for Phenol Removal in Aqueous Systems

A. H. Mahvi, A. Maleki and A. Eslami

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2004.321.326

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 1, Issue 4

Pages 321-326


The potential of rice husk and rice husk ash for phenol adsorption from aqueous solution was studied. Batch kinetics and isotherm studies were carried out under varying experimental conditions of contact time, phenol concentration, adsorbent dose and pH. Adsorption equilibrium of rice husk and rice husk ash was reached within 6 hours for phenolic concentration 150-500 ?g/L and 3 hours for phenol concentration 500-1300 ?g/L, respectively. Kinetics of adsorption obeyed a first-order rate equation. The adsorption of phenol increases with increasing the solution pH value. The suitability of the Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption models of the equilibrium data was investigated for each phenol-sorbent system. The results showed that the equilibrium data for all the phenol-sorbent systems fitted the Freundlich model best within the concentration range studied. A comparative study showed that rice husk ash is very effective than rice husk for phenol removal. The studies showed that the rice husk ash can be used as an efficient adsorbent material for removal of phenolic from water and wastewater.


© 2004 A. H. Mahvi, A. Maleki and A. Eslami. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.