Case Report Open Access

Primary Eosinophilic Lung Diseases and the Therapeutic Role of Corticosteroids: A Case Report and Literature Review

Huzairi Sani1 and Nada Syazana Zulkufli2
  • 1 Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  • 2 Penang General Hospital, Malaysia
Current Research in Medicine
Volume 9 No. 1, 2019, 9-13

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/amjsp.2019.9.13

Submitted On: 5 December 2019 Published On: 21 February 2020

How to Cite: Sani, H. & Zulkufli, N. S. (2019). Primary Eosinophilic Lung Diseases and the Therapeutic Role of Corticosteroids: A Case Report and Literature Review. Current Research in Medicine, 9(1), 9-13. https://doi.org/10.3844/amjsp.2019.9.13

Abstract

A 17-year-old girl was seen and treated for eosinophilic pneumonia with underlying Hypereosinophilic Syndrome (HES), a rare disorder comprising of the triad: A persistently high eosinophil count, eosinophil-mediated organ damage and with no evidence of other causes of secondary eosinophilia. The diagnosis was subsequently changed to acute exacerbation of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia following reviews of journal updates. Pulmonary eosinophilia is a life-threatening condition which is treatable if detected early. Unfortunately, being a rare and poorly understood disease, its diagnosis is often missed and management delayed. The aim of this report is to consolidate the understanding of CEP diagnostics and the therapeutic role of steroids based on available literature.

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Keywords

  • Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia
  • Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia
  • Eosinophilia
  • Eosinophilic Lung Disease
  • Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
  • Primary Eosinophilic Lung Disease
  • Pulmonary Eosinophilia
  • Steroid