American Journal of Economics and Business Administration

Using Unique-Prime-Factorization Theorem to Mine Frequent Patterns without Generating Tree

Hossein Tohidi and Hamidah Ibrahim

DOI : 10.3844/ajebasp.2011.58.65

American Journal of Economics and Business Administration

Volume 3, Issue 1

Pages 58-65

Abstract

Problem statement: Ffrequent patterns are patterns that appear in a data set frequently. Finding such frequent patterns plays an essential role in mining associations, correlations and many other interesting relationships among data. Approach: Most of the previous studies adopt an Apriorilike approach. For huge database it may need to generate a huge number of candidate sets. An interest solution is to design an approach that without generating candidate is able to mine frequent patterns. Results: An interesting method to frequent pattern mining without generating candidate pattern is called frequent-pattern growth, or simply FP-growth, which adopts a divide-and-conquer strategy as follows. However, for a large database, constructing a large tree in the memory is a time consuming task and increase the time of execution. In this study we introduce an algorithm to generate frequent patterns without generating a tree and therefore improve the time complexity and memory complexity as well. Our algorithm works based on prime factorization and is called Prime Factor Miner (PFM). Conclusion/Recommendations: This algorithm is able to achieve low memory order at O(1) which is significantly better than FP-growth.

Copyright

© 2011 Hossein Tohidi and Hamidah Ibrahim. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.