American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Biofidel FEA Modeling of Customized Hybrid Biological Hip Joint Prostheses, Part I: Biomechanical Behavior of Implanted Femur

Raffaella Aversa, Florian Ion T. Petrescu, Relly Victoria V. Petrescu and Antonio Apicella

DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2016.270.276

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Volume 12, Issue 4

Pages 270-276

Abstract

Biofidel femur Finite Element Models have been developed using specific combination of Computer Tomography segmentation and solid modeling software tools able to represent bone physiology and structural behavior. These biofidel Finite Element Models (FEM) is used to evaluate the modification of the physiological stress distribution in a prosthesized femur and to assess new design criteria for the development of biomimetic hybrid biological hip prostheses. The faithful models proposed allowed us to properly consider the not isotropic characteristics of the proximal epiphysis of the femur and for the isotropic behavior in diaphysis to explain the critical alterations of the stress distribution in a resected femur following the implantation of a traditional hip joint prostheses. It has been shown that a wide region of the femur diaphysis is completely shielded by the rigid prosthesis significantly altering the physiological stress distribution that should guaranty a healthy bone growth and regeneration.

Copyright

© 2016 Raffaella Aversa, Florian Ion T. Petrescu, Relly Victoria V. Petrescu and Antonio Apicella. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.