American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Analysis of Benzo[a]Pyrene Contamination from an Long-Term Contaminated Soil

Svetlana Sushkova, Tatiana Minkina, Abdulmalik Batukaev, Irina Turina, Saglara Mandzhieva, Galina Vasilyeva, Rıdvan Kızılkaya, Inna Zamulina and Izzet Akca

DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2016.1.11

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Volume 12, Issue 1

Pages 1-11

Abstract

Analysis of benzo[a]pyrene contamination from an aged contaminated chernozemic, meadow-chernozemic and alluvial soils under the effect of aerotechnogenic emissions from the Novocherkassk regional power plant have been revealed on the basis of annual monitoring studies from 2008 to 2012. A new ecologically clean highly-effective express-method of subcritical water extraction has been developed for determination of benzo[a]pyrene from soils of the emissions zone. It has been found that the 5-km zone to the northwest and west from the power station, which coincides with the predominant wind directions, is most subjected to contamination by benzo[a]pyrene, with the maximum accumulation at a distance of about 1.6 km from the emissions source. The vertical distribution coefficients of benzo[a]pyrene between the 0-5 cm and 5-20 cm layers closely correlate with the contents of physical clay, clay, organic matter and cation exchange capacity. It has been shown that the content of benzo[a]pyrene in the soil is an indicator of the technogenic pressure impact on the areas, for which the combustion products of hydrocarbon fuel are the major pollutants.

Copyright

© 2016 Svetlana Sushkova, Tatiana Minkina, Abdulmalik Batukaev, Irina Turina, Saglara Mandzhieva, Galina Vasilyeva, Rıdvan Kızılkaya, Inna Zamulina and Izzet Akca. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.