Relation between Macroscopic Binding Constant and the Anticancer Efficacy of the Bovine Serum Albumin-Quercetin Complex against Drug-Sensitive and Drug-Resistant Cells
Winit Choiprasert, Chatchanok Loetchutinat, Nathupakorn Dechsupa and Samlee Mankhetkorn
DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2011.10.20
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 7, Issue 1
Problem statement: We have previously analyzed the interaction of BSA with flavonoids by using FRET. In this study, the role of BSA on increasing in solubility and on carrying the quercetin derivatives thus enhanced their anticancer efficacy against drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cells were conducted. Approach: The macroscopic (KD) and microscopic (kd) binding constant of the complexation and the cellular partition of molecules were analyzed using FRET and HPLC method, respectively. Results: The KD values reflex the stability of complexes was in the order of rutin > quercetrin > quercetin. BSA was a suitable carrier of quercetin (KD = 1.68×105 M−1) which spontaneously release the molecule into solutions and cells. The substitution of rhamnoside (KD = 1.37×105 M−1) and rutinoside (KD = 5.0×104 M−1) at C3 yielded an increase in stability of the complexes. Rutin was tightly bound to BSA resulting in the changes in mode of action. Conclusion: The macroscopic binding constant was directly influenced on the cellular uptake of molecules and the suitable range of binding constant was KD≥105 M−1 by which the carrier can be useful for increasing the solubility of drug and also spontaneously release the drug into the solution and cells.
© 2011 Winit Choiprasert, Chatchanok Loetchutinat, Nathupakorn Dechsupa and Samlee Mankhetkorn. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.