American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

A Proteomics Analysis of Drought Stress-Responsive Proteins as Biomarker for Drought-Tolerant Sugarcane Cultivars

Nisachon Jangpromma, Supansa Kitthaisong, Khomsorn Lomthaisong, Sakda Daduang, Prasit Jaisil and Sompong Thammasirirak

DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2010.89.102

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Volume 6, Issue 2

Pages 89-102

Abstract

Problem statement: The prime objective in breeding selection process of drought-tolerant sugarcane is to identify the correlating marker, which could lead to rapid screening for drought-tolerant cultivars. In this study, we have reported an unknown 18-kDa protein (p18) along with other stress-inducible proteins to be highly expressed in sugarcane leaves under drought stress condition. Approach: The 2D-PAGE patterns of proteins were compared between those expressed in drought-tolerance K86-161 and drought-susceptible Khon Kaen 1 cultivars. The interested proteins were identified by mass spectrometry. The correlation between p18 expression and drought tolerance was verified in additional 4 sugarcane cultivars using ELISA and western blotting. Two physiological indexes, Chlorophyll content and SOD activity were also evaluated. Results: Mass spectrometry and comparison with known sequences in the database reveal that the proteins expressed only in stressed K86-161 are serine protease inhibitor and the one similar to replication protein A1. A group of proteins up-regulated in K86-161 are S-Adenosylmethionine decarboxylase proenzyme (SAM), ubiquitin and p18. From ELISA and western blotting analysis, we found that p18 expressed in drought-tolerant sugarcane cultivars had higher binding specificity to antibody than that in drought-susceptible sugarcane cultivars. Two physiological indexes showed higher levels in drought-tolerant than those in drought susceptible sugarcanes. Conclusion: These high levels of chlorophyll and SOD are in agreement with a high level of p18 expression in drought-tolerant sugarcanes. It is likely that an accumulation of p18 is a response to water deficit. In conclusion, p18 might be a good candidate for development as a marker in drought-tolerant plants.

Copyright

© 2010 Nisachon Jangpromma, Supansa Kitthaisong, Khomsorn Lomthaisong, Sakda Daduang, Prasit Jaisil and Sompong Thammasirirak. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.