AT1-IR-beta Association: A New Mechanism for the Inhibition of Insulin Receptor Function in Breast Cancer
Lakshmi Pulakat, Ravindra Kolhe and Nara Gavini
DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2008.24.34
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 4, Issue 1
Epidemiological evidence show that increased mortality in breast cancer is linked to hypertension and insulin resistance. Because Angiotensin II (Ang II), a hormone implicated in hypertension and insulin resistance, is a normal mitogen for breast tissue and elevated expression of the Ang II receptor AT1 is seen in breast cancer, we analyzed the effects of Ang II exposure on the functions of IR in human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Exposure of MCF-7 to Ang II for 2 hours a) significantly reduced 125I-insulin binding to IR, and b) induced co-immuno-precipitation of the AT1 with IR-beta subunit. These Ang II-mediated effects on IR were inhibited by the AT1 antagonist losartan, and were not observed when exposure time was below 1-hour. These observations suggest extended exposure to Ang II have detrimental effects on insulin binding to IR that were not discovered in the previous studies where Ang II-exposure of insulin responsive cells was performed for periods less than one hour. In addition, they suggest a novel mechanism that involves AT1-IR-beta association for the inhibition of insulin binding to IR in response to extended exposure (2-hours) of breast cancer cells to elevated levels of Ang II (as seen in hypertensive patients), and provides a molecular link for the inhibition of normal IR signaling by Ang II in breast cancer.
© 2008 Lakshmi Pulakat, Ravindra Kolhe and Nara Gavini. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.