TY - JOUR
AU - Akinyemi, Marvel Lola
AU - Emetere, Moses Eterigho
AU - Usikalu, Mojisola Rachel
PY - 2016
TI - Virtual Assessment of air Pollution Dispersion from Anthropogenic Sudden Explosion
JF - American Journal of Environmental Sciences
VL - 12
IS - 2
DO - 10.3844/ajessp.2016.94.101
UR - https://thescipub.com/abstract/ajessp.2016.94.101
AB - The control of air pollutants from anthropogenic sources seems almost impossible due to numerous influencing factors present in the atmosphere. In this study, we carried out a virtual mathematical experimentation using Math CAD, Mat lab and analytical approximation to estimate the dimensional impact of initial pollutant plume cloud from a sudden volcanic blast and the dynamics of its wind field. The high point of the experimentation is the period of the first one-tenth of a second (1 deci-second) to 1 min (60 s) of the blast at the point source. We also assessed the long range air pollution dispersion within the first 1 to 10 min of plume cloud released under practical assumptions. The model revealed a plume cloud impact of 6.8×107 µgm-3 in the first 1 millisecond (0.01 s) which decayed suddenly to a value of 1.7×107 µgm-3 in the first 1 deci-second (0.1 s). The impact concentration at the point source by the end of the first second (1.0 s) was 3.2×105 µgm-3 which implied a 99.5% sudden decay when compared with 0.01 s concentration value at the emission point source. It is observed that air pollutants released from explosives/blasts get transported into the atmosphere in the first few seconds by forceful injection instead of by gradual dispersion as is the case with normal air pollutants plume releases. A mathematical control process was propounded (which is still subject to further research) to reduce the quick flow of air pollutants.