Research Article Open Access

Inverse Kinematics of a Stewart Platform

Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu1, Raffaella Aversa2, Antonio Apicella2, Samuel Kozaitis3, Taher Abu-Lebdeh4 and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu1
  • 1 Bucharest Polytechnic University, Romania
  • 2 Second University of Naples, Italy
  • 3 Florida Institute of Technology, United States
  • 4 North Carolina A and T State University, United States


The development and diversification of machines and mechanisms with applications in all fields require new scientific researches for the systematization and improvement of existing mechanical systems by creating new mechanisms adapted to modern requirements, which involve increasingly complex topological structures. The modern industry, the practice of designing and building machinery is increasingly based on the results of scientific and applied research. Each industrial achievement has backed theoretical and experimental computer-assisted research, which solves increasingly complex problems with advanced computing programs using an increasingly specialized software. The robotization of technological processes determines and influences the emergence of new industries, applications under special environmental conditions, the approach of new types of technological operations, manipulation of objects in the alien space, teleoperators in the top disciplines like medicine, robots covering a whole field greater service provision in our modern, computerized society. Movable, robotic, mechatronic mechanical systems have entered nearly all industrial spheres. Today, we can no longer conceive of industrial production without these extremely useful systems. They are still said to steal from people's jobs. Even so, it should be made clear that these systems create value, work in difficult, repetitive, non-pausing, high-quality work, without getting tired, without getting sick, without salary and producing value who are paid and people left without jobs, so that they can work elsewhere in more pleasant, more advantageous conditions, with the necessary breaks. Mechanical systems in motion type parallel structures are solid, fast and accurate. Between mobile systems parallel the best known and used system is that of a Stewart platforms, as being and the oldest system, quickly, solid and accurate. The paper presents a few main elements of the Stewart platforms. In the case where a motto element consists of a structure composed of two elements in a relative movement from the point of view of the train of propulsion and especially in the dynamic calculations, it is more convenient to represent the motto element as a single moving item. The paper presents an exact, original analytical geometry method for determining the kinematic and dynamic parameters of a parallel mobile structure. Compared with other methods already known, the presented method has the great advantage of being an exact analytical method of calculation and not one iterative-approximately.

Journal of Mechatronics and Robotics
Volume 2 No. 1, 2018, 45-59


Submitted On: 3 December 2017 Published On: 10 March 2018

How to Cite: Virgil Petrescu, R. V., Aversa, R., Apicella, A., Kozaitis, S., Abu-Lebdeh, T. & Petrescu, F. I. T. (2018). Inverse Kinematics of a Stewart Platform. Journal of Mechatronics and Robotics, 2(1), 45-59.

  • 12 Citations



  • Stewart Platform
  • Mechanism
  • Robots
  • Mechatronics
  • Mechanical Systems
  • Parallel Systems