Review Article Open Access

Nuclear Reactors, their Types and Impact on Safety, Environment and Sustainability towards a Green Future

Ayush Kumar A1, Godwin Glivin1, N. Kalaiselvan1 and V. Mariappan1
  • 1 National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, India
Energy Research Journal
Volume 11 No. 1, 2020, 22-27

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/erjsp.2020.22.27

Submitted On: 24 August 2020 Published On: 29 October 2020

How to Cite: Kumar A, A., Glivin, G., Kalaiselvan, N. & Mariappan, V. (2020). Nuclear Reactors, their Types and Impact on Safety, Environment and Sustainability towards a Green Future. Energy Research Journal, 11(1), 22-27. https://doi.org/10.3844/erjsp.2020.22.27

Abstract

The current world is shifting rapidly towards clean energy sources due to the rapid depletion of fossil fuels. Also, as a solution to the extremely intense growing demand of energy across most of the countries and increasing pollution, nuclear energy is considered as a strategic alternative as it is both clean and does not pollute the environment. When compared with most other conventional sources of energy production currently being used, Nuclear energy emits a minuscule quantity of greenhouse gases and hence is environmentally friendly. In this study, several types of nuclear reactors are compared and with environmental pollution and safety as a deciding parameter. Sustainability of the nuclear reactors, their classification concerning safety and their radiation emissions are also reviewed.

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Keywords

  • Environment
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Nuclear Reactor
  • Safety
  • Sustainability