Literature Review Open Access

Retrofitting the Electric Lighting and Daylighting Systems to Reduce Energy Use in Buildings: A Literature Review

Marie-Claude Dubois1, Fabio Bisegna2, Niko Gentile1, Martine Knoop3, Barbara Matusiak4, Werner Osterhaus5 and Eino Tetri6
  • 1 Lund University, Sweden
  • 2 SAPIENZA University of Rome, Italy
  • 3 Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
  • 4 NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway
  • 5 Aarhus University, Denmark
  • 6 Aalto University, Finland


This paper presents a literature review about energy-efficient retrofit of electric lighting and daylighting systems in buildings. The review, which covers around 160 research articles, addresses the following themes: (1) retrofitting electric lighting in buildings, (2) electric lighting energy use and saving potential and (3) lighting retrofit strategies. The retrofit strategies covered in the review are: replacement of lamp, ballast or luminaire; use of task-ambient lighting design; improvement in maintenance; reduction of maintained illuminance levels; improvement in spectral quality of light sources; improvement in occupant behavior; use of control systems; and use of daylighting systems. The review indicates that existing general knowledge about lighting retrofit is currently very limited and that there is a significant lack of information concerning the actual energy performance of lighting systems installed in the existing building stock. The resulting key directions for future research highlights issues for which a better understanding is required for the spread and development of lighting retrofit.

Energy Research Journal
Volume 6 No. 1, 2015, 25-41


Submitted On: 7 May 2015 Published On: 10 August 2015

How to Cite: Dubois, M., Bisegna, F., Gentile, N., Knoop, M., Matusiak, B., Osterhaus, W. & Tetri, E. (2015). Retrofitting the Electric Lighting and Daylighting Systems to Reduce Energy Use in Buildings: A Literature Review. Energy Research Journal, 6(1), 25-41.

  • 111 Citations



  • Lighting Retrofit
  • Energy-Efficiency
  • Luminaires
  • Lamps
  • Lighting Controls
  • Daylighting Systems
  • Occupant Behavior