Validation of a Risk Matrix about the Athlete's Oral Health by Analyzing Behavioral and Nutritional Habits
- 1 Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
- 2 Methodist University Center-Porto Alegre Institute, Brazil
- 3 Integrated Regional University of Upper Uruguay and Mission, Brazil
Copyright: © 2021 Bárbara Capitanio de Souza, Randhall Bruce Carteri, André Luiz Lopes and Bruno Costa Teixeira. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study proposal was to build a risk matrix on oral health, by analyzing the behavioral and nutritional habits of these individuals and perform your validation. A literature review was carried out to identify risk factors for the oral diseases. The interviewees were 40 volunteer individuals, athletes, professionals or amateurs, or practitioners of physical activity. The validation process consisted of the following steps: 1. Validity of the content; 2. Verbal understanding; 3. Comparison and correlation of the questionnaire test. The Content Validity Coefficients (CVC), the Content Validity Indexes (CVI) and the Kappa correlation coefficients were calculated for each item. In the phase of assessment of verbal comprehension by volunteers, the final CVC for clarity and understanding was 0.869 and 0.854, respectively. Kappa values varied between 0.5 and 0.667. Cronbach's alpha for each component was calculated, resulting in a cariogenic diet (α = 0.989), acid sports drinks (α = 0.964), oral hygiene (α = 0.963) and dental services (α = 0.980). The definition of this oral profile, in conjunction with an athlete's individual needs, can define treatment and prevention programs, including education in oral health.
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