Research Article Open Access

Relationship between Outcomes of COVID19, its Susceptibility and Blood Groups

Palwasha Khan1, Hamza Zahid Ullah Muhammadzai2, Salman Zahid3, Muhammad Shan Ul Abedin2, Rahat Ahmed Memon2 and Ali Raza Shaikh2
  • 1 Khyber Teaching Hospital, Pakistan
  • 2 Abington Memorial Hospital, United States
  • 3 Rochester General Hospital, United States

Abstract

COVID-19, a viral infection spread across the world affecting many people around the world. In ABO blood type, certain types are more prone to infections and causes severe symptoms. Relationship between ABO blood type and COVID -19 still needs to be found out. A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate a relationship between ABO blood type and COVID-19. Data was collected from 148 patients who presented for COVID testing through PCR or nasal swab tests. COVID positive patient’s blood test was performed to find out ABO blood group/type and their symptoms with which they presented. The blood group distributions, age and gender of these patients were recorded. It was seen that there is a statistically significant association between COVID and blood group A+, A-, B+ with p-value of 0.01, 0.03 and 0.01 respectively and no statistical significance was found between B-, O+, O-, AB+ and AB- with P-value of 0.06, 0.1, 0.9, 0.7 and 0.8 respectively. Multi variate analysis performed showed age, blood group and ICU stay to be significantly associated with COVID with p-value of <0.01, 0.05, <0.01 and gender to be non-significantly associated with COVID with p-value of 0.7. Blood group A+, A- and B+ are more prone to contract COVID virus with more severe symptoms. Fever and cough have been to be positively associated with COVID cases and found to be affecting patient’s health. Age is also found be affecting patient’s life, with a higher chance of contracting COVID-19 as the increases.

American Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume 17 No. 4, 2021, 133-137

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajidsp.2021.133.137

Submitted On: 4 February 2021 Published On: 23 October 2021

How to Cite: Khan, P., Muhammadzai, H. Z. U., Zahid, S., Abedin, M. S. U., Memon, R. A. & Shaikh, A. R. (2021). Relationship between Outcomes of COVID19, its Susceptibility and Blood Groups. American Journal of Infectious Diseases, 17(4), 133-137. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajidsp.2021.133.137

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Keywords

  • ABO Blood Group
  • COVID-19
  • Corona Virus