Is Wright Test an Appropriate Screening Test for Diagnosis of Brucellosis?
- 1 Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Problem statement: Diagnosis of brucellosis is generally based on culture, polymerase chain reaction and serology. The first two methods are not accessible in all parts of world and are expensive. The routine method for diagnosis of brucellosis is considering Wright test as the first screening test; if the results are Wright positive’ Wright would be the next choice otherwise 2ME would be requested. This method of laboratory data collection is not appropriate and it is probable to have some cases of brucellosis missed and in clinical practice we observed that some cases of brucellosis are Wright negative but Coombs’ Wright positive. Approach: In this study we calculated sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and likelihood ratio of Wright and Coombs’ Wright in brucellosis suspected patients. Results: 122 patients suspected to brucellosis were studied. 53.3% were female. Sensitivity and specificity Positive Predictive Values (PPV) and Negative Predictive Values (NPV) of Wright were 32.5% (CI95%: 22.8-42.3), 96.4% (CI95%: 89.5-100), 96.6% (CI95%: 0.9-100) and 93.1% (CI95%:83.8-100) respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for Coombs’ Wright were 97.7% (CI95%: 94.6-100), 100% (CI95%: 100-100), 100% (CI95%: 100-100) and 93.1% (CI95%:83.8-100) respectively. Conclusion: Coombs’ Wright is more sensitive than Wright for diagnosis of brucellosis. Instead of considering Wright, Coombs’ Wright and 2ME (mercaptoethanol) tests and interpretation of these three test we can just apply Coombs’ Wright and 2ME to reduce the expenditures and use a more sensitive test for diagnosis of brucellosis.
Copyright: © 2021 Behzad Mohsenpour, Shahla Afrasiabian, Katayoon Hajibagheri and Ebrahim Ghaderi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Diagnostic test
- Negative Predictive Values (NPV)
- Positive Predictive Values (PPV)
- suspected patients
- Wright positive
- infectious diseases