Research Article Open Access

Tourism Carrying Capacity of Torean Hiking Trail, Mount Rinjani National Park

Endang Koestati Sri Harini Muntasib1, Singgih Ali Nurdin1 and Anggit Haryoso2
  • 1 Department Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
  • 2 Mount Rinjani National Park Center, Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani, Mataram, Indonesia

Abstract

The Torean hiking trail is the newest hiking trail in Mount Rinjani National Park (TNGR). Hiking ecotourism can be an environmentally friendly alternative in managing national parks; however, if it is not adequately supervised, overtourism will occur, degrading the environment and reducing the quality of the visitor experience. To prevent this, it is necessary to know the number of visits allowed by calculating the carrying capacity of the hiking trail and ensuring the capacity is maintained. The data processing technique uses the carrying capacity calculation method by Cifuentes with modifications and correction factors that are suitable for hiking tourism. The results showed that the Torean lama hiking trail (Torean post-Sembalun Torean junction) has a physical carrying capacity of 4,516 people/day, a real carrying capacity of 532 people/day, and an effective carrying capacity of 372 people/day. In comparison, the Torean Baru hiking trail (Birisan Nangka Sembalun Torean junction) has a physical carrying capacity of 4,165 people/day, a real carrying capacity of 333 people/day, and an effective carrying capacity of 233 people/day. The carrying capacity is higher than the actual visitation levels; therefore, tourism activities on the Torean hiking trail do not indicate over-tourism in terms of the number of visits.

American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 19 No. 6, 2023, 155-161

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2023.155.161

Submitted On: 18 April 2024 Published On: 22 June 2024

How to Cite: Muntasib, E. K. S. H., Nurdin, S. A. & Haryoso, A. (2023). Tourism Carrying Capacity of Torean Hiking Trail, Mount Rinjani National Park. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 19(6), 155-161. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2023.155.161

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Keywords

  • Ecotourism
  • Overtourism
  • Sustainability
  • Mount Rinjani National Park
  • Nature Conservation