Research Article Open Access

Evaluating Plant Species Diversity and Physiographical Factors in Natural Broad Leaf Forest

Seyed Armin Hashemi

Abstract

Problem statement: Species diversity is one of the most important specifications of biological societies. Diversity of organisms, measurement of variety and examination of those hypotheses that are about reasons of diversity are such as affairs that have been desired by the ecologists for a long time. Approach: In this research, diversity of plant species in forest region, numbers of 60 sample plots in 256.00 m-2 had been considered in random-systematic inventory was considered. In each sample plot, four micro-plots in 2.25 m-2 in order to study on herbal cover, were executed that totally 240 micro-plots were considered. At each plot six diversity indices in relation to physiographic factors (slope, geographical aspect and altitude from the sea level) were studied. Results: The results indicated that species diversity is more in the northern aspect and also species diversity in slops less than 30% has the most amounts. Factor of altitude from the sea level did not have meaningful relation with species diversity. Conclusion: Through study on correlation of the numbers of species in sample plots with indices and also process and role of indices in different processors of analysis, Simpson’s reciprocal index was suggested as suitable index in this type of studies.

American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 6 No. 1, 2010, 20-25

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2010.20.25

Submitted On: 24 December 2009 Published On: 28 February 2010

How to Cite: Hashemi, S. A. (2010). Evaluating Plant Species Diversity and Physiographical Factors in Natural Broad Leaf Forest. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 6(1), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2010.20.25

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Keywords

  • Physiographical factors
  • diversity
  • forest
  • Simpson’s index
  • slope
  • aspect
  • altitude