Research Article Open Access

Investigation of Cadmium (II) Ions Biosorption onto Pretreated Dried Activated Sludge

R. Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani, A. Jonidi Jafari and Gh. Shams Khorramabadi

Abstract

Problem statement: Heavy metals have been one of hazardous components in industrial effluents that can be damaged on the environment by discharging uncontrolled wastewater. The aims of this investigation were biosorption of Cd (II) ions onto pretreated dried activated sludge and determination of kinetic and isotherm of biosorption. Approach: Activated sludge was obtained from Tehran municipal wastewater treatment plant. Activated Sludge was dried and used for biosorbtion of Cd (II) ions from aqueous solution. Dried Activated Sluge (DAS) was pretreated with three different solutions (H2O2, NaOH and ethanol). Biosorption capacity of different types of DAS to remove Cd (II) ions was investigated as a function of Cd (II) concentrations at variable initial Cd (II) concentrations between 10 and 500 mg L−1 with a DAS particle size 0.2-0.3 mm using batch biosorption experiments. Results: Biosorption of Cd (II) by Dried Activated Sludge (DAS) was found to perform better than the others after pretreatment with H2O2. The maximum biosorption capacity was given 256.41, 217.39, 212.77 and 204.08 mg g−1 for the H2O2, NaOH; Ethanol pretreated and untreated DAS, respectively. The pseudo-second order kinetic model was found to be more suitable than the pseudo-first order kinetic model to correlate the experimental data for all types of DAS (R2>0.9). The Freundlich isotherm was found to fit the experimental data slightly better than the Langmuir isotherm model for all pretreated and untreated DAS (R2>0.99). Conclusion: It can be concluded that pretreatment DAS yield higher Cd (II) biosorption capacity, especially DAS that pretreated with H2O2.

American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 5 No. 1, 2009, 41-46

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2009.41.46

Submitted On: 6 December 2008 Published On: 28 February 2009

How to Cite: Soltani, R. D. C., Jafari, A. J. & Khorramabadi, G. S. (2009). Investigation of Cadmium (II) Ions Biosorption onto Pretreated Dried Activated Sludge . American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5(1), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajessp.2009.41.46

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Keywords

  • Wastewater
  • chrome
  • sorbtion
  • isotherm
  • kinetic