Research Article Open Access

Macroeconomic Determinants of Non-Performing Loans: An Empirical Study of Some Arab Countries

Mahmoud Abdelaziz Touny1 and Mohamed Abdelhameed Shehab2
  • 1 Helwan University, Egypt
  • 2 Damietta University, Egypt

Abstract

The issue of non-performing loans is one of the factors that reflect the soundness of the banking sector. The main objective of this study is to identify macroeconomic determinants of non-performing loans in some Arab countries through the period 2000-2012 using the dynamic panel data approach. The outcomes of this paper suggest that inflation rate has a negative impact on NPLs, whereas improvement in macroeconomic and financial conditions seems to have a negative impact on the level of NPLs. Regarding the impact of the global financial crisis, the results show that the crisis had a negative impact on the level of NPLs. With regard to household consumption, the outcomes point out to mixed results where this effect seems to be negative in non-petroleum countries but positive in petroleum countries, whereas increasing of government spending is associated with low level of NPLs in both groups of countries. Moreover, an increase of the aggregate debt burden has a positive impact on the level of bad loans whereas expansionary monitory policy and improvement of terms of trade in petroleum countries have a significant negative effect on NPLs but this effect is not clear in non-petroleum countries.

American Journal of Economics and Business Administration
Volume 7 No. 1, 2015, 11-22

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajebasp.2015.11.22

Submitted On: 6 January 2015 Published On: 9 May 2015

How to Cite: Touny, M. A. & Shehab, M. A. (2015). Macroeconomic Determinants of Non-Performing Loans: An Empirical Study of Some Arab Countries. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 7(1), 11-22. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajebasp.2015.11.22

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Keywords

  • Non-Performing Loans
  • Credit Risk
  • Bad Loan
  • Loan Default
  • Macroeconomic Determinants
  • Debt Burden
  • Macroeconomic Instability
  • Dynamic Panel Data Approach