Research Article Open Access

The Watershed Structures in Controlling Runoff - Case Study of Sardasht Basin in IRAN

Seyedeh Zahra Hosseini-Teshnizi1, Ghodratollah Davoudi2, Seyedeh Laleh Razavi3 and Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari4
  • 1 Isfahan University of Technology, Iran
  • 2 Allameh Tabataba’i University, Iran
  • 3 Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
  • 4 Islamic Azad University, Iran
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 13 No. 1, 2020, 72-95

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2020.72.95

Submitted On: 15 October 2019 Published On: 26 February 2020

How to Cite: Hosseini-Teshnizi, S. Z., Davoudi, G., Razavi, S. L. & Ostad-Ali-Askari, K. (2020). The Watershed Structures in Controlling Runoff - Case Study of Sardasht Basin in IRAN. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(1), 72-95. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2020.72.95

Abstract

In order to investigate the performance of constructed structures in Sardasht watershed, Soil and Water Assessment Tools model for simulation of runoff and sediment during the studied period of 1996-2012 was carried out for two cases of existence and absence of flood control structures. From 2007 onwards by performing watershed operations in these sub-basins, the average runoff rate decreased about 250 l/s for sub-basin 1 and 150 l/s for sub-basin 3. This indicates the flood was controlled in these basins. On average, the runoff volume has decreased by 0.25 and 0.15 m3 in the sub-basins 1 and 3 respectively in the presence of the structure compared to the absence of structures. A daily, Monthly simulation time stage and a continuous-time step restrict the usage of the SWAT pattern for comprehensive, occurrence-based flood simulation. The occurrence of acridities and unexpected projections in numerous sectors of IRAN, also the density on basic conveniences precious by mass growth, has owing to a broader difference in deliberation to the problematic of water straight in the alliance. Calibrating a hydrologic model of Sardasht Basin. Using SWAT. Subjective Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) is a multidimensional scaling method designed to assess time load, mental effort load and stress load. According to the results of Mann-Kendall Test, Watershed management in the Sardasht basin for flood control and runoff can be considered acceptable. Before the watershed operation, the occurrence of runoff with the probability of 80% was zero, which after the operation, the probability of occurrence was reduced by 60%, indicating a positive effect construction of flood and sediment control structures in the Sardasht basin. The results of the hydrological regime curve show that the changes in the monthly runoff ratio to the average monthly runoff before the watershed operations had been more. Due to the limitations, current Soil and Water Assessment Tools simulations in tropical and subtropical regions face a series of problems related to relative humidity, water balance and sediment. Soil and Water Assessment Tools model is also used to estimate the maximum daily flow rate.

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Keywords

  • Flood
  • Runoff
  • Sedimentation
  • Watershed Management
  • Water Basin
  • Watershed Structure