Research Article Open Access

Effect of Different Cycles of Thermal Fatigue in Steel Metallurgical Aspects ASTM SA-516 Grade 60

Eder Hermes Bicharra1, Jorge Luis Braz Medeiros1, Luciano Volcanoglo Biehl1, Eduardo da Rosa Vieira1, Maurício Diogo da Silva1, José de Souza2 and Carlos Otávio Damas Martins3
  • 1 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brazil
  • 2 Fundação Liberato, Brazil
  • 3 Universidade Federal de Sergipe - UFS, Brazil


The ASTM SA-516 steel has applications in compact steam boilers of low and medium temperature and pressure. Deterioration can show when exposed to high temperatures due to fuel gases burning. Failures detected by inspections done in a frequency required by standard on the boilers. Among the main failure mechanisms found in materials used in boilers, creep, corrosion, when subjected to the action of the combustion gases or steam oxidation conditions, thermal fatigue and others can be mentioned. This work evaluates the effect of thermal fatigue in the metallurgical aspects of steel ASTM SA-516 grade 60. After the initial characterization of the steel checked that it heeds the specifications required by the standard, showing a microstructure of ferrite and perlite. The tests in heat transfer conditions produce temperatures between 750 to 850°C on the surface, starting with an oxidizing flame produced by oxygen and acetylene gases. The cooling was by water, being the samples were submitted to several cycles of heating and cooling, causing thermal fatigue. After the tests, occurs the characterized of the samples through optical microscopy techniques, Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), Vickers hardness and macrostructure analysis. ferrite, perlite colonies and no tempered martensite were the microstructures detected on the Heat-Affected Zone (HAZ). On substrate’s region was not detected anisotropy or significant variations. When analyzing austenitic grain size was observed a refinement showing 12 ASTM grain size considered extra fine. The higher microhardness values occurred at the surface. The surface has had been affected by heat due to heating in intercritical and austenitization temperature and the cooling by water.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 13 No. 3, 2020, 436-444


Submitted On: 3 July 2020 Published On: 28 August 2020

How to Cite: Bicharra, E. H., Medeiros, J. L. B., Biehl, L. V., Vieira, E. D. R., da Silva, M. D., de Souza, J. & Martins, C. O. D. (2020). Effect of Different Cycles of Thermal Fatigue in Steel Metallurgical Aspects ASTM SA-516 Grade 60. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(3), 436-444.

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  • Boilers
  • ASTM SA-516 Grade 60
  • Thermal Fatigue
  • Thermal Fatigue Test
  • Metallurgical Aspects