Effect of Different Cycles of Thermal Fatigue in Steel Metallurgical Aspects ASTM SA-516 Grade 60
- 1 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brazil
- 2 Fundação Liberato, Brazil
- 3 Universidade Federal de Sergipe - UFS, Brazil
Copyright: © 2020 Eder Hermes Bicharra, Jorge Luis Braz Medeiros, Luciano Volcanoglo Biehl, Eduardo da Rosa Vieira, Maurício Diogo da Silva, José de Souza and Carlos Otávio Damas Martins. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The ASTM SA-516 steel has applications in compact steam boilers of low and medium temperature and pressure. Deterioration can show when exposed to high temperatures due to fuel gases burning. Failures detected by inspections done in a frequency required by standard on the boilers. Among the main failure mechanisms found in materials used in boilers, creep, corrosion, when subjected to the action of the combustion gases or steam oxidation conditions, thermal fatigue and others can be mentioned. This work evaluates the effect of thermal fatigue in the metallurgical aspects of steel ASTM SA-516 grade 60. After the initial characterization of the steel checked that it heeds the specifications required by the standard, showing a microstructure of ferrite and perlite. The tests in heat transfer conditions produce temperatures between 750 to 850°C on the surface, starting with an oxidizing flame produced by oxygen and acetylene gases. The cooling was by water, being the samples were submitted to several cycles of heating and cooling, causing thermal fatigue. After the tests, occurs the characterized of the samples through optical microscopy techniques, Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), Vickers hardness and macrostructure analysis. ferrite, perlite colonies and no tempered martensite were the microstructures detected on the Heat-Affected Zone (HAZ). On substrate’s region was not detected anisotropy or significant variations. When analyzing austenitic grain size was observed a refinement showing 12 ASTM grain size considered extra fine. The higher microhardness values occurred at the surface. The surface has had been affected by heat due to heating in intercritical and austenitization temperature and the cooling by water.
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- ASTM SA-516 Grade 60
- Thermal Fatigue
- Thermal Fatigue Test
- Metallurgical Aspects