Research Article Open Access

The Multiple Tuned Mass Damper for Passive Control of Structures by Cuckoo Algorithm

Hamid Jafari Nia1, Amir Hossein Heidari1, Hamid Reza Babaali1 and Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari2
  • 1 Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • 2 Isfahan University of Technology, Iran
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 13 No. 3, 2020, 358-367


Submitted On: 6 January 2020
Published On: 16 July 2020

How to Cite: Nia, H. J., Heidari, A. H., Babaali, H. R. & Ostad-Ali-Askari, K. (2020). The Multiple Tuned Mass Damper for Passive Control of Structures by Cuckoo Algorithm. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(3), 358-367.


Adjustable mass dampers are recently used to reduce seismic vibrations of engineering structures. Function of these types of systems requires a suitable setting of their parameters. In this study, a practical method to design Multiple Tuned Mass Dampers (MTMD) has been proposed to minimize the maximum displacement of roof, acceleration of roof and TMDs displacement to reduce the seismic response of structures. To solve the problem Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm (CMOA) has been used. The results of numerical simulations for a shear frame of ten floors exposed to earthquakes demonstrate that CMOA is able to present appropriate solutions in the form of Parato charts for setting optimal parameters of MTMD, caused by creating a proper compromise between the objective functions in conflict with each other. Eventually, MTMD desirably reduces seismic responses of structures. Also, MTMD performance depends on input quake, TMD mass ratio and the number of TMDs.



  • Passive Control of Structures
  • Multiple Tuned Mass Dampers
  • Multi-Objective Optimization
  • Cuckoo Algorithm
  • Tuned Mass Dampers
  • Optimal Parameters