Review Article Open Access

Nanoplastics in the Environment and the Effects on the Zebrafish

Jimmy De León1, María del C. Cotto1 and Francisco Márquez1
  • 1 School of Natural Sciences and Technology, United States
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 12 No. 4, 2019, 472-475

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2019.472.475

Submitted On: 9 September 2019 Published On: 8 October 2019

How to Cite: De León, J., del C. Cotto, M. & Márquez, F. (2019). Nanoplastics in the Environment and the Effects on the Zebrafish. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12(4), 472-475. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2019.472.475

Abstract

Plastic is one of the most used materials in the world, adopted in almost all activities of human life, but due to the high persistence and durability in the environment, it is causing pollution problems. Through different processes, small particles of polymers are emerging and the effects on the health are still unknown. The Danio rerio (zebrafish) is a model organism that serves as a reference for the assessment of the safety of Nanoplastics (NPs) and Microplastics (MPs). The effects on development, central nervous system, behavior and genetic regulation, are some of the evidences that are already available thanks to the studies developed in recent years. The potential exacerbation of toxicity by co-exposure of the NPs and MP with other contaminants has been demonstrated through several studies. Furthermore, the challenge that must be overcome is the lack of uniformity in the analytical methodology that helps to generate conclusive and parallel results.

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Keywords

  • Zebrafish
  • Nanoplastic
  • Microplastic
  • Environmental Toxicology