Research Article Open Access

Evaluation of the Impact of Obstacles on the Capacity of a LTE Network in Urban Area in the Uplink

Akohoule Alex1, Konate Adama2, Brou Pacôme3 and Asseu Olivier1
  • 1 Institut National Polytechnique - Houphouët BOIGNY, Cote D'Ivoire
  • 2 Direction de la Recherche et l’Innovation Technologique (DRIT), Cote D'Ivoire
  • 3 Université Nangui Abrogoua (UNA), Cote D'Ivoire
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 12 No. 1, 2019, 20-29

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2019.20.29

Submitted On: 12 December 2018 Published On: 17 January 2019

How to Cite: Alex, A., Adama, K., Pacôme, B. & Olivier, A. (2019). Evaluation of the Impact of Obstacles on the Capacity of a LTE Network in Urban Area in the Uplink. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12(1), 20-29. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2019.20.29

Abstract

Power control is a major issue in the deployment of 4G mobile networks. Indeed, environmental constraints (relief, Air, noise,...) affect the propagation channels of mobile network systems. The new multimedia services, which consume large amounts of radio resources (frequencies), then lead to an optimization of power control in the cellular coverage in the uplink direction. The aim is to optimize the capacity of radio resources in the cellular coverage based on a COST-231 Walfisch-Ikegami semi-empirical propagation model for power control in the upward direction. It is a question of studying the signal quality between a mobile station and the base station under the constraint of obstacles (Buildings) in order to evaluate the effect of propagation losses on the transmission power in Uplink using different frequencies of the network. Results show that the transmission power is strongly influenced by the path losses that depend on the carrier frequency. Higher the transmission frequency, the less the wave propagates due to propagation and penetration losses due to different barriers.

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Keywords

  • 4G Networks
  • Uplink Power Control
  • Semi-Empirical Model COST-231 Walfisch-Ikegami