Research Article Open Access

Analytical Study of Bending Behavior for Concrete Beams with T-Shaped Cross Section using Composite and Steel Bars

Seyedeh Zahra Hosseini Ghaziyani1, Seyedamin Mostafavian2 and Meysam Azizpour Chirani1
  • 1 Rasht, Iran
  • 2 Payame Noor University (PNU), Iran
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 11 No. 2, 2018, 979-985

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2018.979.985

Submitted On: 31 March 2018 Published On: 2 June 2018

How to Cite: Ghaziyani, S. Z. H., Mostafavian, S. & Chirani, M. A. (2018). Analytical Study of Bending Behavior for Concrete Beams with T-Shaped Cross Section using Composite and Steel Bars. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(2), 979-985. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2018.979.985

Abstract

Todays, instead of steel reinforcements, Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) rebars have been using in the reinforced concrete structures. By consideration of different strain-stress behavior between steel and composite material, it is necessary to evaluate the difference of these two materials inside of RC beams. In this research, twelve reinforced concrete T-shape beams were modeled using ABAQUS finite element software. Six of the beams performed as T-shape in which three of them reinforced with FRP rebars and three others were reinforced with steel rebars. As the same as first six beams property, other six beams defined by rectangular performance. The nonlinear static method was used to analysis and load-displacement diagram had been taken to compare the results. The results showed that, the stiffness of T-shape beam is much more than the beams with rectangular performance. Moreover, by comparing FRP and steel rebars, using the FRP rebars reduced stiffness and increased the load capacity.

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Keywords

  • FRP Reinforcement
  • T-Shape Concrete Section
  • Finite Element Method
  • Nonlinear Analysis