Synthesis and Characterization of Bio-based Polyurethane Polymers
- 1 North Carolina A&T State University, United States
Copyright: © 2020 Jahangir Emrani, Ramazan Benrashid, Shahrzad Mohtarami, Ellie Fini and Taher Abu-Lebdeh. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This paper describes the development of new biobased Polyurethanes (PU) starting from swine manure bio-resin and diisocyanates. The bio-resin is produced from swine manure via a hydrothermal process. For sustainability, today, many PUs in new specialized applications, are biobased. In this study, different commercial diisocyanates including MDI, Desmodur W, Desmodur H and Demodur I and swine manure, which is an agricultural waste were used to make the biobased PUs. The reactions were performed at refluxing THF, or in neat form at temperatures that ranged from room temperature to 100°C. Dibutyltin dilaurate was used as catalyst for the polymerization. Composites were characterized by FTIR, GPC, ICP and Rheometry. GPC confirmed the increase in the size of the molecules consistent with the increase in the viscosity and complex modulus of the reaction mixtures as a function of reaction time. One composite reached to elastic modulus of 10 MP at the end of the reaction process, which was marked by depletion of isocyanates peak in the IR. Progress of the polymerization reaction was monitored by the disappearance of the isocyanate band in the IR at ~2274 cm-1. By monitoring the FTIR spectra of the reaction mixtures while increasing MDI dosage in a step-wise manner, the number of the molar equivalents of the functional groups active towards isocyanate (including OH, H2S, NH2 and COOH) in the bioresin was also determined.
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- Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy
- Mechanical Properties