Research Article Open Access

Modelling and Assessment of Effect of Operation Parameters on Gas Turbine Power Plant Performance using First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics

Sunday Olayinka Oyedepo1, Richard Olayiwola Fagbenle2 and Samuel Sunday Adefila1
  • 1 Covenant University, Nigeria
  • 2 University of Ibadan, Nigeria
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 10 No. 2, 2017, 412-430

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2017.412.430

Submitted On: 17 November 2016 Published On: 3 May 2017

How to Cite: Oyedepo, S. O., Fagbenle, R. O. & Adefila, S. S. (2017). Modelling and Assessment of Effect of Operation Parameters on Gas Turbine Power Plant Performance using First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10(2), 412-430. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2017.412.430

Abstract

In this study, modelling of gas turbine engine performance is carried out using thermodynamics relations. The model reveals that the influence of operation parameters such as compression ratio, turbine inlet temperature and ambient temperature has significant effect on the performance of gas turbine engine. Energy and exergy analyses were conducted to evaluate the performance of the selected power plant and to assess the effect of operation parameters on energy loss and exergy destruction in the plant. Energy analysis shows that the turbine has the highest proportion of energy loss (31.98%) in the plant. The exergy analysis results reveal that the combustion chamber is the most exergy destructive component compared to other cycle components. Thermal efficiency of the plant is as low as 36.68% while the total efficiency defect and overall exergetic efficiency of the power plant are 40.46 and 19.06%, respectively.

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Keywords

  • Model
  • GTIT
  • Exergetic Efficiency
  • Ambient Temperature
  • Gas Turbine Engine
  • Simulation