Review Article Open Access

Mitochondria are Naturally Micro Robots - A review

Raffaella Aversa1, Relly Victoria V. Petrescu2, Antonio Apicella1 and Florian Ion T. Petrescu2
  • 1 Second University of Naples, Italy
  • 2 Bucharest Polytechnic University, Romania


The mitochondrion is a natural robot (cell) with a length of about one micron. Between organisms (plant, animal or human) with its organs and the atomic and molecular components are positioned based cells, which are building all the necessary organs body. Years ago, medical specialists who are studying organ disease have considered that is caused by impaired organ or related to other organs. For example, it was considered that all nerve diseases have started from stress due to disorder of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (adrenal glands). Today one knows that psychological stress triggers some metabolic, inflammatory and transcriptional perturbations that ultimately dispose to malady in cellular energetics, involving mitochondrial energy production respiratory stress. Future research on mitochondrial can lead to the elucidation of great issues of life (including the generation of illness, aging and death bodies). The main idea of this paper is that mitochondria are independent cells, flexible, essential for complex life.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 9 No. 4, 2016, 991-1002


Submitted On: 10 November 2016 Published On: 18 November 2016

How to Cite: Aversa, R., Petrescu, R. V. V., Apicella, A. & Petrescu, F. I. T. (2016). Mitochondria are Naturally Micro Robots - A review. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9(4), 991-1002.

  • 16 Citations



  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Biotechnologies
  • Mitochondrion
  • ATP Molecule
  • Biochemical Processes
  • Mitochondrial Energy Production
  • Transcriptional Perturbations
  • Predispose to Diseases
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Tissue Engineering