Research Article Open Access

Periodontal Bone Substitutes Application Techniques and Cost Evaluation: A Review

Jamaluddin Syed1, Najmus Sahar2, Raffaella Aversa3, Relly Victoria V. Petrescu4, Davide Apicella5, Erum Khan6, Michele Simeone5, Florian Ion T. Petrescu4 and Antonio Apicella3
  • 1 King Abdul Aziz University, Saudi Arabia
  • 2 Pakistan Institute of Learning and Living (PILL), Pakistan
  • 3 Second University of Naples, Italy
  • 4 Bucharest Polytechnic University, Romania
  • 5 University of Naples Federico II, Italy
  • 6 Dental and Medical College, Pakistan


Bioactive Materials have been used since decades but the researches on these materials are still continuing in phase. This material got extra ordinary attention by the scientist and researchers. Bioactive material has ability to bind itself chemically with natural bone tissues. Bioactive materials bring revolution in the field of bone repair and implantology. Bioactive materials have also ability to effect on gene activation of osteoblastic cells that enhance proliferation, resulting rapid bone formation. At last the techniques through which bioactive materials are used to deposits on the implant, to create bond between implants and the bone. Cost evaluation is the very essential part that classifies the use of material commercially.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 9 No. 4, 2016, 951-961


Submitted On: 17 October 2016 Published On: 8 November 2016

How to Cite: Syed, J., Sahar, N., Aversa, R., Petrescu, R. V. V., Apicella, D., Khan, E., Simeone, M., Petrescu, F. I. T. & Apicella, A. (2016). Periodontal Bone Substitutes Application Techniques and Cost Evaluation: A Review. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9(4), 951-961.

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