Research Article Open Access

Near Critical Carbon Dioxide Sorption Induced Crystallization in PET

Aversa Raffaella1 and Apicella Antonio1
  • 1 Second University of Naples, Italy

Abstract

Near critical carbon dioxide sorption equilibria at 50°C and pressures up to 40 atms are analyzed and interpreted on the basis of the multiple sorption mechanisms possible in a glassy amorphous and semi crystalline polymer. Varying the penetrant-polymer testing temperature and external pressure it is possible to meet the full range of possible sorption behavior, from ideal Fickian diffusion to limiting relaxation controlled kinetics. Low sorption levels of low-pressure gases are attained through an ordinary Fickian mechanism. At higher gas pressures, however, higher penetrant sorption levels induce polymer relaxation affecting the final sorption behavior. A highly interacting solvent, as Carbon Dioxide in near critical conditions, leads to anomalous sorption ranging from relaxation controlled Fickian diffusion to limiting Case II and diffusion controlled relaxation, at high solvent uptakes (sorption from high activity vapor or from liquid phases). Generally, swelling has been observed to be accompanied by a solvent induced crystallization as detected by means of High pressure Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) and Wide Angle Xray Scattering (WAXS).

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 9 No. 4, 2016, 846-853

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2016.846.853

Submitted On: 13 June 2016 Published On: 18 June 2016

How to Cite: Raffaella, A. & Antonio, A. (2016). Near Critical Carbon Dioxide Sorption Induced Crystallization in PET. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9(4), 846-853. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2016.846.853

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Keywords

  • PET
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Anomalous Sorption
  • Solvent Induced Crystallization