Research Article Open Access

Effect of Nano Silica on the Compressive Strength of Harden Cement Paste at Different Stages of Hydration

Justin Montgomery1, Taher M. Abu-Lebdeh1, Sameer A. Hamoush1 and Miguel Picornell1
  • 1 North Carolina A&T State University, United States
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 9 No. 1, 2016, 166-177

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2016.166.177

Submitted On: 15 February 2016 Published On: 13 March 2016

How to Cite: Montgomery, J., Abu-Lebdeh, T. M., Hamoush, S. A. & Picornell, M. (2016). Effect of Nano Silica on the Compressive Strength of Harden Cement Paste at Different Stages of Hydration. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 9(1), 166-177. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2016.166.177

Abstract

This study investigated the compressive strength of hardened cement paste and the formation of Calcium Silicate Hydrate (C-S-H) with the addition of nano silica (SiO2). Compressive strength testing was performed using MTS and Forney testing machines to determine stress-strain curves and compressive strength of the materials. The hydration process and formation of C-S-H and Calcium Hydroxide (CH) was examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). This study also incorporates the use of vacuum curing, in comparison to that of the traditional water curing method. Results indicate an increase in compressive strength using 1, 3 and 5% of nano silica to cement replacement by volume in comparison to the control mix (without nano silica). The optimum cement replacement to yield maximum strength was of the 1% nano silica content. The formation of C-S-H increases significantly during the early testing days which correspond with the drastic increase in compressive strength. The hydration process continues to increase throughout the 56 day trails at a moderate rate. The traditional water curing method proves to be more efficient and beneficial than of the vacuum curing method. However, vacuum cured results showed only about a 5% reduction in compressive strength after 56 day tests in comparison to the water curing method.

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Keywords

  • Nano Silica
  • Compressive Strength
  • Hydration of Cement Paste
  • FTIR
  • SEM