Review Article Open Access

A Review of Human Induced Vibrations on Footbridges

C. Maraveas1, Z.C. Fasoulakis2 and K.D. Tsavdaridis3
  • 1 University of Manchester, United Kingdom
  • 2 C. Maraveas Partnership-Consulting Engineers, Greece
  • 3 University of Leeds, United Kingdom


An extensive literature review of human induced vibrations that flexible footbridges experience is addressed in this study. Qualitative information is comprehensively included herein to provide common methods and code recommendations for the practicing engineers. The parameters affecting the dynamic response of footbridges excited by pedestrians are highlighted. In particular, the synchronous lateral excitation is addressed. This investigation can be valuable for the design criteria selection. In addition, this work contributes to the review of numerous case studies correlating important dynamic characteristics for various footbridge structural types, the variability of which confirms the complexity of the issue. Furthermore, vibration upgrading methods are described, focusing on applications of tuned mass dampers and remarkable conclusions are drawn.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 8 No. 4, 2015, 422-433


Submitted On: 21 July 2015 Published On: 30 October 2015

How to Cite: Maraveas, C., Fasoulakis, Z. & Tsavdaridis, K. (2015). A Review of Human Induced Vibrations on Footbridges. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 8(4), 422-433.

  • 33 Citations



  • Footbridges
  • Human-Induced Vibrations
  • Dynamic Instabilities
  • Human-Structure Interaction
  • Vibration Upgrading