THE EFFECT OF VENTILATION AND ECONOMIZER ON ENERGY CONSUMPTIONS FOR AIR SOURCEHEAT PUMPS IN SCHOOLS
- 1 North Carolina A and T State University, USA
Copyright: © 2020 Nihal Al Raees, Nabil Nassif and Fouad Al Rifaie. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study discusses the applications of CO2-based demand-controlled ventilation DCV strategy integrated with the economizer for air source heat pumps in schools, investigates their impact on the annual heating, cooling and total energy consumption, also determines the potential savings achieved in different USA locations. The study includes detailed energy analysis on an existing middle school through whole building simulation energy software. The simulation model is first calibrated and checked for accuracy using actual monthly utility data. This model is then used for savings calculations resulted from a combination of air-side economizer and CO2-based DCV and with various occupancy profiles and locations. The results show that a significant saving could be obtained as compared to the actual operating strategy implemented in the existing system and this saving depends mainly on the actual occupancy profile and building locations.
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- HVAC Systems
- Ventilation Control
- Heat Pump
- CO2 Concentration