Research Article Open Access

Numerical Analysis of the Integration of Wind Turbines into the Design of the Built Environment

Hassam Nasarullah Chaudhry1, John Kaiser Calautit2 and Ben Richard Hughes2
  • 1 Heriot-Watt University, UAE
  • 2 University of Leeds, United Kingdom
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 7 No. 4, 2014, 363-373

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2014.363.373

Submitted On: 29 November 2014 Published On: 22 December 2014

How to Cite: Chaudhry, H. N., Calautit, J. K. & Hughes, B. R. (2014). Numerical Analysis of the Integration of Wind Turbines into the Design of the Built Environment. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 7(4), 363-373. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2014.363.373

Abstract

The effect of wind distribution on the architectural domain of the Bahrain Trade Centre was numerically analysed using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Using the numerical data, the power generation potential of the building integrated wind turbines was determined in response to the prevailing wind direction. Simulating a reference wind speed of 6 m/s, the findings from the study quantified an estimate power generation of 6.4 kW indicating a capacity factor of 2.9% for the computational model. At the windward side of the building, it was observed that the layers of turbulence intensified in inverse proportion to the height of the building with an average value of 0.45 J/kg. The air velocity was found to gradually increase in direct proportion to the elevation with the turbine located at higher altitude receiving maximum exposure to incoming wind. This study highlighted the potential of using advanced computational fluid dynamics in order to factor wind into the design of any architectural environment.

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Keywords

  • Buildings
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Power Density
  • Turbulence
  • Wind Turbine