Research Article Open Access

Photocatalytic Decolourization of Textile Effluent Containing Reactive Red 120 Dye With UV/TiO2

Rishi Ananthashankar1 and Abdel Ghaly1
  • 1 Dalhousie University, Canada
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 6 No. 3, 2013, 252-262

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2013.252.262

Submitted On: 28 June 2013 Published On: 28 August 2013

How to Cite: Ananthashankar, R. & Ghaly, A. (2013). Photocatalytic Decolourization of Textile Effluent Containing Reactive Red 120 Dye With UV/TiO2. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 6(3), 252-262. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2013.252.262

Abstract

The efficiency of degradation of an aqueous solution of reactive red 120 dye using Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP) was evaluated. A low pressure UV lamp and a combination of UV/TiO2 were tested using ten different dye concentrations (50 - 500 mg/L) at several retention times (5.2-60 min) a pH of 10.5. The effect of acidic pH (pH = 3) on dye removal efficiency and the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of the treated effluents were also investigated. When the alkaline (pH = 10.5) reactive red 120 dye solutions were treated using a low pressure (380 nm intensity) UV lamp, a maximum degradation efficiency of 27.01% was obtained for the least concentrated dye (50 mg/L) solution and only a degradation efficiency of 0.33% was obtained for the most concentrated (500 mg/L) dye solution. When the alkaline (pH = 10.5) reactive red 120 solutions were exposed to a combination of UV/TiO2, a maximum degradation efficiency of 46.70% was obtained for the lease concentrated (50 mg/L) dye solution after 60 min and only a degradation efficiency of 2.84% was obtained for the most concentrated (500 mg/L) dye solution after 60 min. When the pH of the reactive red 120 dye solution was reduced to 3, a degradation efficiency of 56.45% was obtained for the least concentrated (50 mg/L) dye solution at 60 min and a degradation efficiency of 14.94% was obtained for the most concentrated (500 mg/L) dye solution at 60 min. However, the increase in degradation efficiency obtained in this study does not justify the cost of chemicals added to adjust the pH to 3 before treatment and then to 7 before final disposal. Also, the addition of chemicals (to adjust the pH) increases the COD of the dye solution thereby necessitating a further costly treatment.

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Keywords

  • Textiles
  • Wastewaters
  • Dyes
  • Reactive red 120
  • UV
  • TiO2
  • UV/TiO2
  • Exposure
  • Time