Research Article Open Access

Analysis of Iranian Traditional Architecture Through the Lens of Kenneth Frampton’s "Critical Regionalism"

Tohid Fardpour1
  • 1 Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 6 No. 2, 2013, 205-210

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2013.205.210

Submitted On: 3 May 2013 Published On: 27 May 2013

How to Cite: Fardpour, T. (2013). Analysis of Iranian Traditional Architecture Through the Lens of Kenneth Frampton’s "Critical Regionalism". American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 6(2), 205-210. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2013.205.210

Abstract

The fundamental strategy of Critical Regionalism is to mediate the impact of universal civilization with elements derived indirectly from the peculiarities of a particular place. This study presents some significant patterns and aspects of Iranian Traditional Architecture and examine them through the lens of Kenneth Frampton’s Critical Regionalism, to find that whether these attitudes-KF’s six points-have been completely considered in Iranian traditional architecture, even though hundreds of years before the presentation of KF’s critical essay. It seeks an integration between Frampton’s critical points and Iranian ancient built form which including physical features such as climate, topography, light and Iranian cultural characteristics such as traditional urban pattern and architectural prototype. This study also endeavours to demonstrate that Regionalism and sustainability could be inspiration behind this architecture. To put this into practice, first, Frampton’s Critical Regionalism is presented in depth. The six points of critical regionalism as he defined it are reviewed and distilled into five categories that are used to guide the analysis of the specifications of Iranian traditional architecture. These specification and patterns are then used as the foundation for specific recommendations for Iranian contemporary architectural.

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Keywords

  • Critical Regionalism
  • Iranian Traditional Architecture
  • Sustainability
  • Green Architecture
  • Kenneth Frampton’s Six Points