Research Article Open Access

Distributed Amplify and Forward Cooperation While Maintaining Transmission Freedom

L. Chen1, R. Carrasco2 and I. Wassell3
  • 1 Sun Yat-sen University, China
  • 2 Newcastle University, United Kingdom
  • 3 University of Cam¬bridge, United Kingdom


Problem statement: This study proposes a novel Distributed Amplify and-Forward (DAF) cooperative scheme, achieving higher diversity order and yet maintaining the same transmission freedom as the conventional Amplify-and-Forward (AF) scheme. In the DAF scheme, a user’s transmitted symbols are partitioned into several sequences in order to be relayed by different users. Approach: In the cooperative network, each user still uses half of their transmission for relaying others’ signals. But instead of relaying one user’s entire transmitted sequence, it helps different users for the relaying. Theoretical analysis of the DAF scheme is carried out in order to justify its advantages over the existing schemes. The outage behavior and Diversity-Multiplexing Tradeoff (DMT) analyses of the DAF scheme are presented. Results: Through outage behavior analysis, it is shown the DAF scheme achieves substantial diversity gains over the AF scheme. Furthermore, the DMT analysis justices both the scheme’s achievable diversity gains and its ability to maintain the same multiplexing gain as the AF scheme. The theoretical analyses are then extended to a general cooperative network consisting of N (N≥2) relays, showing the diversity order can be increased with respect to the number of relays but not at the expense of each user’s multiplexing gain. Conclusion: Finally, a practical coded cooperative system that integrates the DAF scheme with the concatenated Reed-Solomon Convolution Codes (RSCC) is proposed, validating the achievable performance gain offered by the DAF scheme.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 4 No. 4, 2011, 607-616


Submitted On: 20 September 2011 Published On: 2 August 2012

How to Cite: Chen, L., Carrasco, R. & Wassell, I. (2011). Distributed Amplify and Forward Cooperation While Maintaining Transmission Freedom. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 4(4), 607-616.

  • 0 Citations



  • Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO)
  • Amplify-and-Forward
  • distributed cooperation
  • diversity-multiplexing tradeoff
  • outage probability
  • concatenated Reed-Solomon convolution code
  • Decode-and-Forward (DF)