Research Article Open Access

Electrophysiology and Biopotential Issues on Human Electrocardiogram: A Review

Mahmoud Ahmed Suliman Ali1, Xiao Ping Zeng1 and Guo Jun Li1
  • 1 Chongqing University, China


Problem statement: The heart is the first organ and most importantly to form in the body, where is found the most powerful generator of electromagnetic energy in the human body. Electrophysiology was the best method used to diagnose human heart problem. Knowledge of the electrical potentials in human heart was a quantum leap in the science of the human heart. Recently, there had been a growing interest in studying the human ECG. Unfortunately a very complicated issue which requires a relatively good understanding of everything that had been said about the heart. Focus on the review of physical, electromagnetic basis of human heart’s biopotentials and understanding the basic equations of cardiac electrophysiology that represents the basis to all clinicians whether in postnatal (pediatric or adult) or prenatal (foetal) Medicine. Approach: Mathematical method used for derivation of the essential equations of human heart electrical potentials, this equation will develop the principle sciences of human heart, the equation also outlier finding of the electromagnetic base of human electrophysiology. Results: Heart is important electrical generator in human body. The voltage and current which was generated in human heart represent the basis of heart biosciences. The electromagnetic energy of the heart not only envelops every cell of the human body, but also extends out in all directions in the space around human body. Conclusion: The proposed technique for electrophysiology and potentials on human ECG is useful and the results may contribute to the references for later studies.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 4 No. 3, 2011, 321-327


Submitted On: 20 July 2011 Published On: 18 August 2011

How to Cite: Ali, M. A. S., Zeng, X. P. & Li, G. J. (2011). Electrophysiology and Biopotential Issues on Human Electrocardiogram: A Review. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 4(3), 321-327.

  • 0 Citations



  • Electrophysiology
  • human electrocardiogram
  • surface potentials
  • electromagnetic basis of the electrocardiogram
  • signal to noise ratio
  • human heart
  • trigonometric identities
  • electromagnetic energy