Research Article Open Access

Single Beam Z-Scan Measurements of Nonlinear Refraction and Nonlinear Absorption Coefficients in Silver Nano-Fluid

Esmaeil Shahriari1 and W. Mahmood Mat Yunus2
  • 1 ,
  • 2 , Afganistan
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 3 No. 1, 2010, 98-101

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2010.98.101

Submitted On: 14 October 2009 Published On: 31 March 2010

How to Cite: Shahriari, E. & Yunus, W. M. M. (2010). Single Beam Z-Scan Measurements of Nonlinear Refraction and Nonlinear Absorption Coefficients in Silver Nano-Fluid. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 3(1), 98-101. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2010.98.101

Abstract

Problem statement: The nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption are two important optical phenomena which are extensively used in optical switching, optical limiting and labeling. Approach: In the present research we had measured nonlinearity of Ag nano-fluid prepared using γ-irradiation method. The measurement was carried out using a single beam z-scan technique. Under a CW laser beam excitation operated at 532 nm with the power output of 40 mW, a closed aperture setup was used for thermal-induced nonlinear refractive index and an open aperture setup was applied for measuring nonlinearity absorption. Results: We measured the nonlinear refraction coefficient and nonlinear absorption coefficients for silver nano-fluid at concentration 6.475×10-3 M, the values obtained were -6.173×10-8 cm2 W-1 and 7.994×10-3 cm W-1 respectively. Conclusion: The nonlinear refraction coefficient with the negative sign indicates the self-defocusing phenomenon. The experimental data from open aperture measurement showed that a two photon absorption phenomenon. These results showed that the Ag nano-fluid has significant values of nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption, thus it could be good candidate for optical devices.

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Keywords

  • Self-defocusing
  • nonlinear optics
  • nano-metal
  • thermal effects