Research Article Open Access

The Influence of Modernity on Kurdish Architectural Identity

Salahaddin Yasin Baper1 and Ahmad Sanusi Hassan1
  • 1 University Sains Malaysia, Malaysia


Problem statement: This study discussed the concept of identity and the role of modernity in shifting towards globalization. The literature study covered definitions of the key words which are modernity, identity and architecture. The definition included description and issues related to the key words, which became a crucial study in identifying factors which influence the concept of change and continuity in architectural identity. Approach: This study adapted a procedure of two measuring scale Syntax analysis and Semantic analysis. The study identified checklist factors which will be used as a measurable factor for the syntax analysis and prepared a proper standardized questionnaire for (Semantic analysis). The aim was to do qualitative analysis to the influence of modernity to the architectural identity throughout the history of architecture. It illustrated the level of modern influence by western and international style that bore with its unprecedented modern concepts in comparison to the accustomed norm of the traditional architecture of the region. Results: This analysis was to evaluate negative impacts on the modern architecture in relation to the local culture, religion and environment. The case study was selected areas influenced by the development of modern buildings in Erbil city, one of the ancient cities in Iraq. Conclusion: The research contribution was to measure the level of modern influence that has damaged the traditional building identity in Erbil City.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 3 No. 3, 2010, 552-559


Submitted On: 9 March 2010 Published On: 30 September 2010

How to Cite: Baper, S. Y. & Hassan, A. S. (2010). The Influence of Modernity on Kurdish Architectural Identity. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 3(3), 552-559.

  • 8 Citations



  • Modernity
  • identity
  • architecture
  • Erbil city