Effect of Two Interacting Localized Defects on the Critical Load for Thin Cylindrical Shells Under Axial Compression
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Copyright: © 2020 Abdellatif Khamlichi, Jalal El Bahaoui, Larbi El Bakkali, Mohammed Bezzazi and Ali Limam. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Problem statement: Many modern structures are made from thin shells. Design of these elements depends to a large extent on their buckling behavior which is hugely affected by the initial geometric imperfections. Approach: For axially compressed isotropic circular cylindrical shells, axisymmetric localized geometric imperfections were found to reduce severely the buckling strength. Among various axisymmetric shapes of localized defects that were investigated, the entering triangular form was recognized to yield the most adverse case. Since multiple localized defects may be present in the same shell structure and interact, studying their mutual effect on the buckling load is of great importance for shell design. Results: In this study, the effect of two interacting entering triangular localized axisymmetric initial geometric imperfections on shell buckling strength under uniform axial compression was modeled by means of the finite element method. A special software package which was dedicated to buckling analysis of quasi axisymmetric shells was used in order to compute the buckling load either via the linear Euler buckling analysis or through the full non linear iterative procedure. A set of five factors including shell aspect ratios, defect characteristics and the distance separating the localized initial geometric imperfections had been found to govern the buckling problem. A statistical approach based on the Taguchi method was used then to study their relative influence on the buckling load reduction. It was shown by comparison with the single imperfection case that further diminution of the critical load was obtained. Conclusion/Recommendations: In the range of investigated parameters, the distance separating the localized geometric imperfections and imperfection wavelength were found to yield major influences on the critical load. Further studies must be performed in order to assess shell buckling strength in the presence of more than two defects and to state the relative influence of the intervening factors.
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- finite element method
- localized geometric imperfections
- Taguchi method