Research Article Open Access

Integrating Renewable and Nonrenewable Energies in Power Plant Planning

Habib H. Al-Ali1, Yousef Saif2, Ali Elkamel2 and Ali Lohi3
  • 1 King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia
  • 2 University of Waterloo, Canada
  • 3 Ryerson University, Canada


Problem statement: Electricity can be generated from different type of technologies such as fossil and non-fossil power plants. Among these technologies, coal-fired power plants have been a major route for electricity generation. Recently, environmental constraints were imposed over the coal power plant operations in order to reduce their emissions. Besides, renewable energy power plants such as hydroelectric, wind, solar and geothermal have emerged with a potential of low impact on the environment. Approach: In this study, coal-fired power plants with a mix of low emission power plants were analyzed from the viewpoint of coal power plant emission reductions while supplying electricity demand. Electricity capacity expansion was also included within the problem to insure sufficient electricity supply in circumstances of emission reduction constraints. Results: Pollutants such as Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Sulfur Oxides (SOx) and mercury (Hg) were assumed to be the target compounds. A discrete mathematical programming model was formulated to give an assessment about the coal-fired power plant operations in an electricity generation network. Different scenarios of increased electricity demand and emission reduction targets were applied on Ontario Power Generation (OPG) network to give an illustration of the proposed model. Conclusion: The case study results show the significant impact of combining renewable energy or zero emission technologies on the optimal operation of a network that combines coal-fired power plants.

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 3 No. 2, 2010, 333-341


Submitted On: 31 May 2009 Published On: 30 June 2010

How to Cite: Al-Ali, H. H., Saif, Y., Elkamel, A. & Lohi, A. (2010). Integrating Renewable and Nonrenewable Energies in Power Plant Planning. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 3(2), 333-341.

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  • Coal power plants
  • renewable energy power plants
  • multi-pollutant emissions
  • optimal electricity production planning